补习呀

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years.Section A我已拥有这个自行车3年了

Sentences 1. How long have you had that bike over there...

Sentences 1. How long have you had that bike over there?你拥有那边那辆自行车多长时间了?

2. I’ve had it for three years= I’ve had it since three years ago.

我已拥有它3年了/自从3年以前我就拥有它了。

3. As they get bigger our house seems to get smaller.

随着他们的长大,我们的房子看起来变小了。

4. We have decided to each sell five things that we no longer use.

我们已经决定,每一笑交易卖5样我们不再用的东西。

5. Many people like Zhong Wei regard with great interest how their hometowns have changed.许多象钟伟一样的人都带着极大的兴趣关注着他们的家乡已经发生了怎样的变化。

6. Amy wants to keep her old things because they bring back sweet memories.

艾米想留着她的旧东西,因为它们勾起甜美的回忆。

7. You can also give old things away to people in need.

你也可以把旧东西捐赠给急需的人们。

Grammar 现在完成时(Ⅰ)
移动端左右滑动查看
  1. How long have you had that bike over there? 那边的那辆自行车你买了多长时间了?

  I’ve had it for three years! 我买了它三年了!

(1)how long “多久;多长时间”,常对时间段提问。此外,how long还可提问物体长度,意为“多长”。

【易混辨析】how long/how soon/how often/how far

how long 多久;多长时间 常对时间段提问 常用“for+一段时间”或“since+时间点”“since+时间段+ago”来回答
how soon 多久以后 对“in+时间段”提问,常用于一般将来时态的句子中 其答语常用“in+时间段”
how often 多久一次 对频率提问 其答语常用“once(twice/…)+时间段”,always,often等频度副词
how far 多远 对距离提问 其答语是表距离的内容
移动端左右滑动查看

☞—How long did you stay here? 你在这里待了多久。

—For two hours.两小时。

☞ How far should I throw the ball? 我该把这球扔多远呢?

☞—How often do you play the piano?你多久弹一次钢琴?

—Once a day.每天一次。

☞—How soon will you be ready? 你过多久才能准备好?

—I’ll be ready in five minutes.5分钟后我可以准备好。

—________ have you lived in Lanzhou?

—Since my parents found jobs here.

  1. How long     B. How far
  2. How soon D. How old

【答案】A

【解析】how long“多长时间”,对“for+一段时间”或“since+时间点/从句”提问。how far“多远”,对距离提问;how soon“多久之后”,对“in+一段时间”提问;how old“多大”,对年龄提问。根据答语Since my parents found jobs here.可知选A。

(2)本句中have had相当于have bought, buy是非延续性动词,不可以接一段时间。若buy接一段时间要换

为延续性动词have。类似的有:borrow →keep, come/go/reach/arrive →be in/at, start/begin →be on, leave

→be away from等。

☞ I have bought a watch.我已经买了一块手表。

☞ I have had the watch for two weeks.这块手表我买了两周了。

☞ She has kept the book for three days.这本书她借了三天了。

☞ The film has been on for an hour.电影已经开始一个小时了。

  1. Jeff’s family is having a yard sale. 杰夫一家在举行庭院拍卖会

(1) family意为“家,家庭;家庭成员”,如将其看作整体,用作集体名词,应按单数名词对待, 作主语时,其后的谓

语动词用单数形式;如果指家庭成员,则按复数名词看待, 作主语时,其后的谓语动词用复数形式。

☞ My family is large.我的家很大。

☞ My family are all watching TV.我的家人都在看电视。

(2)sale用作名词,意为“出售,销售”,常与介词on或for连用,构成短语:on sale“减价出售”;for sale“待

售,供出售”,尤指从主人手里出售。

☞ Chickens are on sale in the market.

小鸡在市场上出售。

☞ I’m sorry; it’s not for sale.抱歉,它不是卖的。

一Do you have Jay's CDs?

一Sorry, They are          ,but I will get some more next week because they          .

  1. on sale; are sold well                       B. sold out; sell well
  2. sold out; are sold well                             D. on sale; sell well

【答案】B

【解析】句意:——你有周杰伦的光盘吗?——抱歉,它们都卖出去了,但下周我会在购进一些,因为它们销售的很好。第一个空,结合句意“不好意思,已经卖光了”,sell out 意为“卖光,售罄”,句子是被动语态,故sold out 符合题意。第二个空,结合句意“但是我们下周会再进一些,因为它们卖的很好”,on sale 意为“促销”,sell well 意为“卖得好”,故 sell well 符合题意。因此B项符合题意。

  1. You can also give old things away to people in need. 你还可以把旧东西捐赠给需要的人们。

in need“需要;在困难中”,在句中可以作后置定语或表语,其中need为不可数名词。

☞A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见真情。

【知识拓展】

be in need of意为“需要……”。

☞ I’ll come when you are in need of help.

在你需要帮助的时候我会来的。

移动端左右滑动查看

I’ll try my best to help the people ________.

  1. in need B. with need
  2. in help                                               D. with help

【答案】A

【解析】句意:我将尽力帮助那些需要帮助的人。in need需要帮助的,with one’s help在某人的帮助下。结合句意,故选A。

  1. Because I don’t read it anymore. 因为我不再看它了。

not…anymore不再……,anymore可分为any more。not…anymore的同义词组是no more, no more强调数量或程度。

☞I won’t go to his house any more/anymore.

我再也不到他家去了。

☞I will go to the seaside no more.

= I won’t go to the seaside anymore.

我不会再去海边了。

【知识拓展】

no longer/not…any longer意为“不再……”,表示时间或距离的不再延长,常含有今昔对比之意,比较正式,常用于一般现在时和过去时。

☞You are no longer a child.

=You are not a child any longer.

你再不是个小孩子了。

移动端左右滑动查看

I promise I won’t make such mistakes ________.

  1. no more                                  B. more
  2. any longer                                    D. no longer

【答案】C

【解析】句意:我保证我不会再犯这样的错误。not any longer= no longer,不再,强调时间上不再;not any more= no more,不再,强调程度上不再。所以选C。

  1. I’ve had this magazine for a couple of months. 这本杂志我买了几个月了。

       a couple of 可以表示具体的数量“两个”,指两个人或物体;也可以表示数量不定的“少数几个”,作这种虚指的用法时,具体意思往往视上下文和具体的语境而决定。

☞You have to wait for a couple of hours for the clothes to dry completely.

你得等上一两个小时让这些衣服完全晾干。

  1. The stories inside may be a bit old,… 里面的故事可能有点旧……

a bit意为“一点儿,稍微”,修饰形容词或副词,相当于 a little。a bit of 后接不可数名词, a little直接接不可数名词。

☞There is a bit of/a little water in the bottle.瓶子里有点儿水。

【拓展】

not a bit 相当于not at all,意为“一点也不”;not a little 相当于very,意为“非常”。

☞She is not a bit happy.她一点儿也不快乐。

☞He is not a little tired.

=He is very tired.他非常累。

There is _______ water in the glass, but it’s _______ cold. You’d better not drink it.

  1. a bit; a bit                                      B. a bit of; a bit
  2. a little; a little of                                    D. a little of; a little

【答案】B

【解析】句意:在玻璃杯里有一些水,但是它是凉的,你最好不要喝它。a bit有点,修饰形容词;a bit of一些,修饰名词;a little一些,修饰不可数名词,a little of后面的名词前必须有定冠词、指示代词、名词所有格或者形容词性物主代词;故选B。

  1. And check out these soft toys and board games for younger kids. 察看一下这些给小孩子们玩的布绒玩具和棋类游戏吧。

check out为“动词+副词”结构的短语,意为“察看;观察”。

☞Check out all the books for children.察看一下所有的儿童书籍。

【知识拓展】

(1)check 用作动词,意为“检查,审查”。

☞If you finish it, check it by yourself first.

如果你完成了,就自己先检查一下。

(2)check 作名词,意为“支票,账单”。

☞He wrote me a check. 他给我开了一张支票。

移动端左右滑动查看

 

I will meet Jane at the station. Please________ what time she will arrive.

  1. count      B. choose
  2. check            D. catch

【答案】C

【解析】count计算; choose选择; check检查,查看; catch 赶上,接住。句意:我将到车站接简,请查看一下她什么时候到。

  1. We have already cleared out a lot of things from our bedrooms.我们已经从卧室里清理出了许多东西。

       clear out “清除,清理”。其中,clear用作动词,意为“清理,清除”。

☞Please clear out the cupboard.请把橱柜清理一下。

☞Whose job is to clear out snow from the road?

谁的工作是把路上的雪清除掉?

【知识拓展】

clear up

(1)清理;使整洁

☞Clear up the desk, will you? 请把书桌整理一下,好吗?

(2)放晴

☞It cleared up soon after the rain.雨后天气迅速放晴。

移动端左右滑动查看

—You’d better ____________ your old toys. They are no use now.

—But I want to keep them because they bring back sweet memories.

  1. bring out                               B. check out
  2. clear out                                D. clean up

【答案】C

【解析】句意:—你最好清理你的旧玩具,现在它们都没用了。—但是我想保存,因为它们唤起甜美的回忆。bring out:提出;check out:检查;clear out:清理;clean up:打扫。根据上文说玩具没用了和下文的转折说还想保留它们,可知所填部分的含义应为清理掉的意思,故选C。

  1. We have decided to each sell five things that we no longer use. 我们决定每人出售5件不再使用的物品。

(1)decide to do sth.决定去做某事,否定形式为decide not to do sth.。decide后只能接不定式,不可接动名词。

☞He decided not to go there.他决定不去那儿了。

【知识拓展】

 decide相关结构:

decide +that从句;

decide +疑问词+不定式;

decide against doing so=decide not to do so决定不这么做。

☞They decided that they would decline the invitation.他们决定谢绝邀请。

☞I can’t decide what to do.

我不能决定做什么才好。

☞We decided on carrying out the plan.

我们决定执行这个计划。

☞They have decided against camping in the mountains.

他们决定不在山上露营。

移动端左右滑动查看

They have two rooms to live in, but they can’t decide         .

  1. to choose which one                                               B. choose which one
  2. which one to choose                                               D. what to choose

【答案】C

【解析】句意:他们有两个房间可以住,但是他们不能决定选择哪一间。decide后跟疑问词加动词不定式的形式。故排除AB;what表示没有选择范围中选择;which表示有确定的选择范围,在这个范围中选择。这里只在两个房间里选择,有选择范围,所以应该用which,故选C。

  1. For example, he has owned a train and railway set since his fourth birthday,… 例如,自从他的4岁生日其,他就拥有了一套火车和铁路轨道的玩具……

own 动词,意为“拥有;有”。

☞Who owns this house?谁拥有这幢房子?

【知识拓展】

(1) own adj.& pron.自己的;本人的。

☞I have a dream that I can have my own firm one day.

我有一个梦想,将来的某一天,我能有一个自己的公司。

(2) one’s own表示“某人自己的”。own自己的,要放在物主代词或名词所有格后面。

☞She saw it with her own eyes.

她亲眼目睹了这件事。

(3) owner表示“拥有者,所有者,主人”。

☞Who is the owner of the house?

谁是这所房子的主人?

移动端左右滑动查看
  1. .…, although she also felt sad to part with certain toys. ……尽管失去某些玩具她也感到很难过。

(1)part with意为“放弃;交出;卖掉(尤指不舍得的东西)”,是“动词+介词”结构的短语,其后可接名词或代词作宾语。

☞Don’t part with your dream.不要放弃你的梦想。

☞I don’t want to part with my old bike. 我不想卖掉我的旧自行车。

(2)certain形容词,意为“某些,某个”,仅用于名词前,作名词的定语。

☞A certain Mr. Brown phoned while you were out.

你出去的时候,有一位叫布朗的先生来过电话。

【易混辨析】certain/some

certain 意为“某,某些”,既可修饰单数名词也可修饰复数名词。但表示“某一”时,certain之前要加不定冠词a。
some 作 “某个,某一”理解, 其本身已涵盖“一”的概念,因而仅用于修饰单数可数名词。修饰可数名词复数,其意思是“一些”。
移动端左右滑动查看

☞He didn’t attend the meeting for some/a certain reason.

出于某种原因,他没有参加会议。

☞Certain plants don’t grow well in this country. 有些植物在这个国家生长不好。

【知识拓展】

(1)表“肯定的”意思时作表语,常用于结构be certain to do/be certain of/be certain+that从句。

☞He is certain to succeed.

他一定会成功。

☞He is certain of success.他有把握成功。

☞I am certain that he will succeed.

我肯定他会成功。

(2)其副词形式certainly=sure=of course表示“当然”。

☞—Can I open the door?我可以把门打开吗?

—Certainly.当然可以。

移动端左右滑动查看

If you try your best now, I am ________ that your dream will come true.

  1. afraid B. worried C. interested                        D. certain

【答案】D

【解析】句意:如果你现在尽最大努力,我确信你的梦想会实现。 afraid恐怕,害怕;worried担心的;interested有趣的;certain无疑的,有把握的。故选D。

  1. As for me, I did not want to give up my football shirts,but,to be honest, I have not played for a while now.

 至于我,我不想放弃我的橄榄球球衫,但是,说实在的,现在我已经有一段时间没玩球了。

(1)as for意为“至于,就……而言,涉及,提到(某人某事)”,通常位于句首,引出下面的话题, as for后接名词/代词/动名词。

☞As for homework, most students do it every day.

至于说家庭作业,大多数学生每天都做。

Everyone wants to win. But ________ me,the most important thing is to learn something new and have fun.(江西)

  1. as for                     B. thanks to
  2. instead of            D. such as

【答案】A

【解析】本题考查短语辨析。as for对于,至于;thanks to多亏;instead of代替,而不是;such as比如,例如。句意:每个人都想赢。但对于我来说,最重要的事情是学到新的东西,并玩得开心。

(2)to be honest是不定式短语作插入语,意为“老实说,说实在的”,类似的短语有:to tell the truth 说实话,to be exact确切地说,to start with首先,一开始。

☞To be honest, it is one of the best books that I’ve ever read.

说实在的,这是我读过的最好的书之一。

【拓展】               

(1)honest形容词,意为“诚实的;老实的”,其反义词为dishonest“不诚实的”,其名词形式为honesty“诚实”。

☞She is an honest woman, and she won’t tell lies.

她是个诚实的女人,不会撒谎的。

(2)honest以元音音素开头,前有不定冠词时用an。

移动端左右滑动查看

A person who is ________ does not tell lies or cheat (欺骗) people.

  1. careless                      B. stupid
  2. honest       D. humorous

【答案】C

【解析】本题用词义辨析法。careless 粗心的;stupid 愚蠢的;honest 诚实的;humorous 幽默的。结合句意,不说谎或者不欺骗别人的人,自然是诚实的人。

(3) while 用作名词,意为“一段时间;一会儿”。

☞They walked for a while and stopped to have a rest.

他们走了一会儿,然后停下来休息了一下。

【拓展】               

while常见的搭配:

for a while一会儿

after a while一会儿之后

in a while 不久;马上

once in a while有时;偶尔

移动端左右滑动查看

So far, it hasn’t snowed in Zhenzhou this winter. However, it often snows in the northeast, ___________ it snows heavily.

  1. for a while                                              B. after a while
  2. once in a while                                               D. all the while

【答案】C

【解析】句意:到目前为止,在真州这个冬天还没有下雪。然而,在东北经常下雪,偶尔还下的很大。A. for a while 一会儿; B. after a while 过了一会儿;C. once in a while 时不时,偶尔;D. all the while一直始终。根据句意,故选C。

13.What would you do with the money you raise? 你会用你筹集的钱做什么?

do with意为“对付,处理”,相当于deal with。

☞It took me too much time to do with/deal with the problem.

处理这个问题花了我太多的时间。

【易混辨析】 deal with/do with  

(1)deal with对付,处理,与疑问词how连用,侧重指解决问题的方式、方法,how作状语。

☞How will you deal with the boy?

你将怎样处理这个男孩?

(2)do with对付,处理,与疑问词what连用,侧重于对某物的利用,what作宾语。

☞What did you do with your old car?

你的旧轿车是如何处理的?

移动端左右滑动查看

—Have you decided __________ these old clothes, Mike?

—Not yet. But I think I can devote them to the children in need in poor areas.

  1. what to deal with                                   B. how to manage
  2. how to deal                                                  D. what to do with

【答案】D

【解析】句意:迈克,你决定好了怎么处理这些旧衣服了吗?考查宾语从句。以及do with和deal with区别,do with一般和what连用,而deal with一般和how连用。本题的宾语从句做decided的宾语,而宾语从句里的what又做do的宾语,故选D。

 

学习笔记