补习呀

Unit 1 How can we become good learners?-Grammar

"How" question (教材Page 4 4a) How 引导特殊疑问句,有两种含义 (1)表示问候 ...

  1. "How" question (教材Page 4 4a

How 引导特殊疑问句,有两种含义

(1)表示问候

►How do you do?

►How are you?

►How’s everything going?

(2)表示"怎样"

►—How is your new house?你的新房子怎么样?

—It’s great.它太棒了。

►—How do you learn English?你是怎样学英文的?

—I learn English by reading lots of English magazines.我通过读大量英文杂志学习英文。

【拓展】How和What引导疑问句的区别

How通常对程度或方式进行提问,意为"怎么样",答语通常作状语或表语;What常对动作的发出者或接受者进行提问,意为"什么",答语通常作主语或宾语。

►—How is your summer holiday? —It is perfect.(表程度,表语)

►—How did you travel around the world? —I travelled by bike.(表方式,状语)

►—What do you learn at school?

—I learn Chinese, English, Maths and other subjects.

【典例】—________did you tell him about the news, Lisa?

—By ________ an e-mail.

  1. How;sending B. How;send
  2. What;sending D. What;send
  3. 动名词(教材Page 4 4a

动名词其实就是动词ing形式,具有名词的性质,可以在句中作主语、宾语和表语等。同时,它又具有动词的特点,可以接宾语构成动名词短语。

►living in the city(动名词living后带宾语city) 住在城市

►reading aloud(动名词reading被副词aloud修饰) 大声读

动名词的具体用法:

①作主语:动名词作主语时一般可用动词不定式替换。

►Eating too much is bad for your health.= To eat too much is bad for your health.吃得太多对你的健康没有好处。

►Swimming in the river is dangerous.= To swim in the river is dangerous.在江河游泳是危险的。

【警示】动名词或动词不定式作主语时,谓语动词要使用单数第三人称形式。

②作表语:动名词作表语一般句子的主语常常是无生命的名词,而且表语和主语是对等

关系,说明主语的内容。

►His task is finishing the work.  他的任务是完成工作。

►Her hobby is collecting stamps.  她的爱好是集邮。

③作宾语:常用于allow, try, like, finish, enjoy, forget, stop, love, mind, practice, can’t stand, can’t help等动词或动词短语之后。

►We will finish reading the book in a week.我们将在一周内读完这本书。

► I enjoy living in China.我喜欢居住在中国。

【警示】有些动词如forget,remember,  stop,try,  like,love等后面接动名词和动词不定式作宾语都可以,但意义不同。

④作定语:表示所修饰词的用途、性质、特征等,位于所修饰词的前面。

►They went to the swimming pool yesterday.他们昨天去了游泳池。

►He joined the skating club last year. 他去年加入了溜冰俱乐部。

⑤介词后的动词要使用动名词。学科&网

►She passed me without saying a word. 她从我身边过去,没有说一句话。

【典例】If I had remembered ________ the door, the things would not have been stolen.

  1. to lock                                                  B. locking
  2. to have locked D. having locked

学习笔记