补习呀

Unit 5 What are the shirts made of?-Section A 这个T恤是什么做的?

be made from用……制成的。(Page 34 2c) 一般指从制成品中看不出原材料,即在加工制作过程...

  1. be made from用……制成的。(Page 34 2c

一般指从制成品中看不出原材料,即在加工制作过程中发生的是化学变化,改变了原材料的性质。

►Bread is made from wheat. 面包是用小麦做成的。

【辨析】be made from, be made of, be made in与be made by

be made from "用……制成的",指从成品中看不出原材料 Paper is made from wood. 纸是用木头制成的。
be made of "用……制成的",指从成品中可以看出原材料 The bridge is made of stone.这座桥是用石头造的。
be made in "在……制造的",in 后常接表示地点的名词 The computer is made in America.这台电脑是美国制造的。
be made by "由……制造的",by用来强调动作的执行者 The TV set is made by the workers in the factory.这台电视机是这个工厂的工人制造的。
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【典例】—Your coat looks nice. Is it ________ cotton?

—Yes, and it’s ________ Inner Mongolia.

  1. made of;made by B. made of;made in
  2. made by;made for D. made by;made from

【答案】B

  1. be famous for 以……闻名 (Page 34 2d)

与be known for同义。for后接出名的原因。

►China is famous for the Great Wall. 中国因长城而闻名。

►The place is known for its hot springs. 这个地方以其温泉而出名。

【拓展】(1)be famous as作为……而出名,as后接身份、职业等。

►Liu Huan is famous as a singer. 刘欢作为歌唱家而出名。

be famous to 为……所熟知

►He is famous to the people all over the world. 他为全世界的人所熟知。

【辨析】be famous for与be famous as

be famous for因……而著名 通常表示某地以某种特产或特征出名,或表示某事/人以其内容、特征、价值等而被人所知。 The city is famous for its beauty.这座城市因它的美而著名。
be famous as作为……而著名 常表示人以某种身份或职业而出名等。 She was more famous as a writer than as a singer.她作为作家比作为歌手名声要大。
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【一语辨异】Mo Yan is famous for his articles. He is famous as a writer. 莫言因他的文章而为人知晓。他以作家出名。

【典例】1. Sanya is famous ________ its beautiful beaches.

  1. of B. for C. as

【答案】B

【解析】此题用固定短语法。be famous for因……而出名。介词for后跟名词。学科#网

  1. —What do you know about Xiangyang?

—It’s ________ its state level scenic spot(景点)—Gulongzhong.

  1. famous as B. different from C. similar to                     D. known for

【答案】D

  1. It seems + that从句 看起来……;似乎……;好像…… (Page 34 2d

►It seems that it will rain. 看起来天要下雨了。

It seemed that he would never be able to work out the question.看起来他永远不能解决这个问题。

【拓展】(1)It seems like...意为"似乎……;好像……",后常接名词。

►It seems like years since we last met. 自从我们上次见面以来似乎好多年了。

(2)seem (+ to be) + adj.

►You seem (to be) unhappy. 你好像不高兴。

(3)seem to do sth.

►Your teacher seemed to know that. = It seemed that your teacher knew that. 你的老师好像知道那件事。

【典例】 _______ that they haven’t known the news.

  1. It seems                                           B. It seemed
  2. They seem                                        D. They seemed

【答案】A

【解析】It seems that...意为"看起来……",由句意"看起来他们还不知道这个消息"可知主句用一般现在时,故选A。

  1. be good for对……有益 (Page 34 2d

其反义短语be bad for,意为"对……有害"。

►Eating vegetables is good for your health. 吃蔬菜对你的健康有益。

【辨析】be good for, be good at, be good with与be good to

be good for 对……有益 Doing morning exercises is good for you. 做早操对你有好处。
be good at 擅长,后接名词、代词或动词-ing形式 I’m good at (playing) basketball. 我擅长(打)篮球。
be good with 善于应付……的;对……有办法 He is good with children. 他管理孩子有一套。
be good to 对……友好 He is always good to me. 他总是对我很友好。
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  1. no matter无论,不论 (Page 35 3a

与what, who, when, where, how等疑问词连用,引导让步状语从句。在从句中,常用一般现在时表示将来,状语从句可放在主句前或主句后。

►No matter what you say, I won’t believe you. 无论你说什么,我都不会相信你。

►No matter who you are, you must obey the rules. 无论你是谁,都必须遵守规则。

【拓展】"no matter + 疑问词"结构相当于"疑问词 + ever"。

no matter how = however (无论怎样)

no matter what=whatever (无论什么)

no matter when=whenever (无论何时)

no matter where=wherever (无论哪里)

  1. find it + 形容词 + that从句 发现……(是怎样的) (Page 35 3a

其中it是形式宾语,that引导的从句为真正的宾语,形容词作宾语补足语。

►She finds it relaxing that she can lie on the beach.她发现她能躺在海滩上很令人放松。

  1. allow v. 允许 (Page 36 4a

allow sb. to do sth."允许某人做某事"的被动形式是sb. be allowed to do sth.。其否定形式为sb. be not allowed to do sth.意为"某人不被允许做某事"。

►Passengers are not allowed to smoke. 乘客不被允许吸烟。

【拓展】allow的常用结构:(1)allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事。

►The teacher allowed him to go into the classroom.老师允许他进入教室。

(2)allow doing sth. 允许做某事。

►We don’t allow smoking in public places.我们不允许在公共场所吸烟。

  1. on the last Friday在最后一个星期五 (Page 36 4a

【拓展】介词on, at, in表示时间的用法:

(1)介词on用在日期、星期几、节日前,也用来表示具体某一天的上午、下午或晚上。

on November 1st 在11月1日                                   on Monday 在星期一

on Children’s Day 在儿童节

on Tuesday evening在星期二晚上                               on the afternoon of July 5th在7月5日的下午

(2)介词at常用于时刻前或一些习惯用语中。

at nine o’clock 在9点钟                               at night 在夜晚                         at noon 在中午

(3)介词in用在月份、季节、年份等前面,也可以表示在早上、下午或晚上。

in May 在五月                                       in summer 在夏季

in winter 在冬季                                     in the morning 在早上

【助记】

时间名词前介词的用法
年、月、周前要用in,日子前面却禁用。
遇到几号要用on,上午、下午又是in。
要说某日上、下午,用on换in才能行。
午夜、黄昏用at,几点前面at表时分。

【典例】(2015 • 贵州安顺)—When is Lang Lang’s concert?

—It’s ______ three o’clock ______ the afternoon of December 18th.

  1. at; in B. at; on                            C. on; in                    D. in; on
  2. glass /ɡlɑːs/ n. 玻璃

►It’s easy to break the glass. 玻璃很容易打碎。

glass作"玻璃"讲时,属于不可数名词。

【拓展】glass还可作"玻璃杯"讲,为可数名词;glasses眼镜,只用复数。

【一语辩异】Don’t put a glass of water and a pair of glasses on the glass. 不要把一杯水和一副眼镜放在玻璃上。

  1. leaf /liːf/ n. 叶;叶子

leaf意为"叶;叶子",是可数名词,其复数形式为leaves。

►In autumn the leaves fall down from the trees. 秋天,叶子从树上落下来。

【口诀】

f(e)结尾变-ves的名词歌诀:

树叶(leaf)一半(half)自己(self)黄,

妻子(wife)拿刀(knife)去收粮,

架(shelf)后窜出一只狼(wolf),

就像小偷(thief)逃命(life)忙。

  1. produce /prə'djuːs/ v. 生产;制造;出产

►These new types of energy cost very little and produce little pollution. 这些新能源的成本很低,而且很少产生污染。

【拓展】product为可数名词,意为"产品;制品"。

►They launch a new product on to the market. 他们向市场推出了一种新产品。

【典例】Many of us know how to ________ tea, but few know where tea is ________.

  1. make; made B. grow; grown C. produce; made              D. make; produced

【答案】D

  1. France /frɑːns/ n. 法国

►France is a European country. 法国是一个欧洲国家。

France的形容词形式为French(法语的;法国的;法国人的),再在French后加man构成Frenchman(法国人),其复数形式为:Frenchmen。表示"法语"用French。

【一语辨异】He is from France. He speaks French. He is a Frenchman. 他来自法国。他说法语。他是法国人。

  1. no matter不论;无论

►Call me when you get there, no matter what time it is. 不论什么时间,到了那里你都要给我打电话。

no matter常与疑问代词或疑问副词连用,引导让步状语从句。

【典例】不论发生什么事,我都不会改变心意。

________________ happens, I won’t change my mind.

【答案】No matter what

【拓展】no matter who/what/when等引导让步状语从句时,可与whoever/ whatever/whenever等词相互转换。

►No matter who /Whoever knocks, don’t open the door. 不管谁敲门,都不要开门。

  1. 主语+find itadj.+that...是一个复合句。

it是形式宾语,形容词作宾语补足语;真正的宾语是that引导的从句。意为:主语发现"that引导的句子"怎么样。形式宾语必须用it,不能用this或that。

►I find it relaxing that I lie on the beach. 我发现躺在海滩上很令人放松。

【典例】We find ________ impossible that we can learn a foreign language well in a short time.

  1. that B. this                             C. one                               D. it

【答案】D

【解析】本题用语法判定法解题。it常用作形式宾语,而其他三者无此用法。学科#网

此句型中的"it+adj.+that..."部分可以转换为"it(‘s)+adj.+不定式"。

►I find it relaxing that I lie on the beach.=I find it relaxing to lie on the beach.

  1. avoid /ə’vɔɪd/ v. 避免;回避

avoid后接动词的-ing形式。

►He can hardly avoid playing computer games all day. 他几乎不能避免整天地玩电脑游戏。

【典例】—China is getting better and better at making high-technology products.

—That’s right. People around the world can hardly avoid ________ products made in China.

  1. not buying B. not to buy C. to buy                     D. buying

【答案】D

  1. everyday /’evrideɪ/ adj. 每天的;日常的

【辨析】everyday与every day

词汇 everyday every day
含义 每天的;日常的 每天
词性 形容词 副词短语
成分 定语,修饰名词 状语,修饰动词
例句 The weather influences everyone’s everyday life. 天气影响着每个人的日常生活。 He picks tea leaves every day. 他每天采摘茶叶。
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【典例】He found that many ________ things in America were made in China.

  1. every day B. everyday                      C. each day                          D. every

【答案】B

【解析】题目中空格后为名词things,根据句意"他发现在美国很多日用品都是产自中国。"可知,应用形容词everyday。

学习笔记