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Unit 8 It must belong to Carla. Section B

Point 1 express 表达;表示 (Page 62  2a) express为及物动词,其后可接名词...

Point 1 express 表达;表示 (Page 62  2a

express为及物动词,其后可接名词、wh-从句作宾语。express sth. to sb. 对某人表达……

►He freely express his ideas. 他直率地表达自己的想法。

【拓展】(1)express可接反身代词作宾语,表达自己的意思、思想、感情等。

►Have I expressed myself clearly? 我的意思讲清楚了吗?

(2)expession名词,意为"表达;表情;表达方式"。

►He ended the letter with expressions of grateful thanks. 他在那封信的结尾表达了自己的感激之情。

express的常用搭配:express oneself表达自己

►You can express yourself freely. 你可以畅所欲言。

【拓展】expression名词,意为"表达"。

►I bought them flowers as an expression of thanks. 我给他们买了鲜花以示感谢。

【典例】I am greatly interested in this painting. It ________ the painter’s love for nature.

  1. expresses B. discusses C. expects                D. imagines

【答案】A

Point 2 receive 接待;收到   (Page 62   2b

receive及物动词,其后可接名词或代词作宾语。

►I received a card from my best friend yesterday. 昨天我收到了我最好的朋友的卡片。

【拓展】receive a letter from sb. = get a letter from sb.= hear from sb. 意为"收到某人的来信"。

►She received a letter from her father. = She got a letter from her father. = She heard from her father. 她收到了父亲的一封来信。

【辨析】receive与accept

receive 接待;收到 它表示的行为与主语的主观意愿无关,侧重于行为本身,不涉及收到者是否同意,是"客观上"的收到。
accept 接受 它表示的行为由主语的主观意愿决定,强调经过主语的考虑而接受,是"主观上"的接受。
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►She accepted my gift. 她接受了我的礼物。

Point 3 People like to go to this place especially in June as they want to see the sun rising on the longest day of the year. 人们尤其喜欢在六月份去这个地方,因为他们想在这里观看一年中白昼最长的一天的日出。(Page 62   2b

as此处用作连词,意为"由于;因为",引导原因状语从句。

►As it was late, I went at once. 由于天晚了,我立即走了。

【辨析】as, because与since

as "由于;因为" 主句与从句并重,从句说明原因,主句说明结果
because "因为",语气最强,可回答由why提出的问题 从句可放在主句前,也可放在主句后
since "既然" 侧重主句,从句表示显然的或已知的理由
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►As you don’t feel well, you had better stay at home. 由于你不舒服,你最好待在家里。

►—Why were you late for school? 你为什么上学迟到了?

—Because I missed the first bus. 因为我错过了第一班公共汽车。

►Since everybody is here, let’s begin the meeting. 既然大家都到了,我们开始开会吧。

Point 4 For many years, historians believed Stonehenge was a temple where ancient leaders tried to communicate with the gods. 多年以来,历史学家们认为巨石阵是古代首领试图与神灵沟通的一座庙宇。(Page 62   2b

(1)where ancient leaders tried to communicate with gods是一个定语从句,修饰a temple。若先行词是表示地点的名词,关系词在从句中作状语,则用关系副词where引导定语从句。

►I have come back to the farm where I worked before. 我已经回到了我以前工作过的农场。

【警示】先行词表示地点时,如果关系词在从句中充当主语或宾语,则关系词用which或that,而不用where;当先行词被形容词最高级修饰时,用that而不用which。

►This is the farm which/that I visited before. 这是我以前参观过的农场。

►I’ve found some pictures of the most interesting places that you visited. 我已经找到了一些你参观过最有趣的地方的照片。

Point 5 "The leaders arrived in England much later," he points out. "那些首领抵达英国是很久以后的事了,"他指出。(Page 62   2b

(1)arrive  不及物动词,意为"到达",不能直接跟宾语,如果需要跟宾语,应加介词at或in。

►Has he arrived? 他到了吗?

►He arrived in Beijing yesterday. 他昨天到达北京的。

【辨析】arrive, reach与get to

arrive 不及物动词 后接表示地点的名词时,须跟介词in或at。其中arrive in后跟大地点,arrive at后跟小地点
reach 及物动词 后直接跟表地点的名词
get to 动词短语 后接地点名词,多用于口语中。其后跟表示地点的副词home, here, there时,to一定要省略。
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►We arrived in Beijing yesterday afternoon.

=We reached Beijing yesterday afternoon.

=We got to Beijing yesterday afternoon. 我们昨天下午到达北京的。

(2)point out意为"指出",为"动词+副词"型短语,代词作宾语时,应放于point与out中间。

►The teacher pointed out many mistakes in my homework. 老师指出了我作业里的许多错误。

【辨析】point out, point at与point to

point out "指出",out是副词 给某人指出方向、要点或错误等
point at "指着",at是介词,侧重于指的对象 指向离说话人较近的人或事物
point to "指向",to是介词,侧重于指的方向 指向离说话人较远的人或事物
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►Will you please point out the man who saved the boy’s life? 请你指出那个救男孩性命的人好吗?

►Don’t point at the words while you are reading. 读书时不要用手指着字。

►He pointed to the house on the other side of the river and said, "That’s my home."他指着河对岸的房子说:"那是我家。"

Point 6 She’s the only one who wears such colorful clothes. 她是唯一穿那种色彩艳丽的衣服的人。(Page 64   Self Check

who此处引导定语从句,修饰先行词the only one,关系代词who在从句中作主语。若先行词为人,定语从句可用关系代词who或that引导,who或that在从句中可作主语或宾语。若关系代词在定语从句中作宾语,也可用whom引导定语从句。

►The student who/that is answering the question is John. 正在回答问题的那个学生是约翰。

►Do you know Mr. Zhang who/whom/that they like very much? 你认识他们很喜欢的张先生吗?

【典例】(2018 • 绥化中考)She is a teacher ________ has much teaching experience.

  1. whose B. who                             C. whom

【答案】B

Point 7 I’m not sure... 我不确定……

该句子主要用来表达对某事不太确定的一种交际用语。

►—Will your friend come by plane? 你的朋友要乘飞机来吗?

—I’m not sure. 我不确定。

【典例】—Does the boy come from China?

—________. I know little about him.

  1. I’m not sure B. Yes, he does C. I know           D. Thanks a lot

【答案】A

【解析】由答语中的第二句知,"我"对这个男孩不很了解,所以回答应表示否定意思,只有A项符合情景。

Point 8 suit /sjuːt/, /suːt/ n. 西服;套装 v. 适合

►I used to wear suits while attending important meetings or parties. 我过去常常在出席重要的会议或者聚会时穿套装。

►You don’t need to wear a suit. It’s an informal meeting. 你不需要穿西装,那是个非正式的会议。

suit还可用作及物动词,意为"适合"。

►The coat doesn’t suit you. 这件外衣不太适合你。

【拓展】suitable形容词,意为"适宜的;合适的",be suitable for 适合……的,be suitable to do... 适合于做……。

►Nobody was suitable for the job. 无人适合做那份工作。

►The shoes are suitable to travel. 这种鞋适用于旅行。

Point 9 circle /’sɜː(r)kl/ n. 圆圈 v. 圈出

►The children stood in a circle around the fire. 孩子们围着火站成一圈。

circle用作名词,也可表示具有共同爱好、兴趣的"集团;圈子"。

►Jackie Chan is well-known in theatrical circles. 成龙在演艺圈赫赫有名。

circle可用作动词,意为"圈出"。

►Please circle the correct answers. 请圈出正确的答案。

学习笔记