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Unit 9 I like music that I can dance to. Grammar

关系代词引导定语从句 定语从句在整个句子中担任定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。定语从句通...

关系代词引导定语从句

定语从句在整个句子中担任定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。定语从句通常出现在先行词之后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出。

  1. 关系词

关系代词:who, whom, whose, that, which, as(句子中缺主要成分:主语、宾语、定语、表语、同位语、补语时)。关系副词:when, where, why(句子中缺次要成分:状语时)。

►Is he the man who/that wants to see you? 他就是想见你的那个人吗?

►She is the woman whom/ that I saw yesterday. 她就是我昨天见的那个女人。

►China is a country which / that has a large population. 中国是一个拥有很多人口的国家。

►The e-mail that /which I received yesterday was from my sister. 昨天我收到的电子邮件是我姐姐寄来的。

►I know a doctor whose son is my classmate. 我认识一位医生,他的儿子是我的同班同学。

►Please pass me the book whose (of which) cover is green. 请递给我那本绿皮的书。

►I shall never forget the days when (on which) we worked on the farm. 我永远也不会忘记我们在农场劳动的那些日子。

►Qingdao is the place where (in which) I was born. 青岛是我的出生地。

►This is the reason why (for which) he refused our offer. 这就是他拒绝我们帮助他的理由。

  1. 关系代词引导的定语从句

关系代词引导定语从句,代替先行词,并在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等主要成分。

►He is the man who/whom/ that I saw yesterday.(who/whom/that在从句中作宾语)他是昨天我见到的那个人。

2)whose 用来指人或物,只用作定语, 若指物,它还可以同of which互换。

1)who, whom, that 指代人,who, that在从句中可作主语、宾语;whom在从句中作宾语。

►Is he the man who/that wants to see you?(who/that在从句中作主语)他是你想要见的

►Please pass me the book whose cover is green/the cover of which is green.请递给我那本封面是绿色的书。

3)which, that指代物,在从句中可作主语、宾语。

►The package(which / that)you are carrying is about to come unwrapped.你正在搬的那个包裹快要散开了。

4)关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句谓语动词的人称和数要和先行词保持一致。

► Is he the man who wants to see you? 他是想要见你的那个人吗?

  1. 只能用that不能用which的情况。

1)先行词是everything, nothing, something, anything, all, little, much等不定代词时。

►He never read anything that was not worth reading. 他从不读任何不值得阅读的书。

2)先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much, the only, the very等词修饰时。

► I’ve read all the books that you lent me.我已经读完了你借给我的所有书。

3)先行词被序数词或形容词的最高级修饰时。

►It is the first American film of this kind that I’ve ever seen.这是我看过的第一部这个种类的美国电影。

4)先行词由人和物共同组成时。

►The scientist and his achievements that you told me about are admired by us all. 我们都羡慕你和我谈论过的这个科学家和他的成就

  1. 关系代词as 和which的用法区别。
  2. as一般放在句首或句中,which置于句中。
  3. as可引导非限制性定语从句,常常有"正如"之意;which可以表主从句之间的因果关系。

►As we know, smoking is harmful to one’s health. 众所周知,吸烟有害健康。

►He was always late, which made his teacher very angry. 他总是迟到,这让他的老师非常生气。

【典例】(2018 • 安顺中考)—Only You is a TV program ________ is popular with most young people.

—Yes, it is definitely true.

  1. that B. whose                   C. what                     D. who

【答案】A

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