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Unit 10You’re supposed to shake hands.Section B

常考句型 1. How about...? ……怎么样? 2. I find it difficult to ...

常考句型 1. How about...? ……怎么样?

2. I find it difficult to do... 我发现做……很困难。

3. How was/were...? ……怎么样?

4. It’s very impolite to keep others waiting. 让别人等候是不礼貌的。

重点语法 1. be supposed to do sth. 结构

2. It + be + adj. + to do sth. 句型

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Point 1  at the table 在餐桌旁    Page 77   1a

【辨析】at the table与at table

at the table 意为"在餐桌旁"
at table 意为"在吃饭"
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►The man sat at the table and asked for a cup of tea. 那名男子坐在餐桌旁边,要了一杯茶。

►—Where’s Jim? 吉姆在哪儿?

—He’s at table. 他正在吃饭呢。

【拓展】常见的加the和不加the的短语的区别:

go to school上学(学生)

go to the school 到学校去(不一定是学生)

in hospital

in the hospital

by sea乘船

by the sea在海边

in class 在上课

in the class 在班级里

on earth 究竟,在世界上

on the earth在地球上

Point 2  make sb. do sth.使某人做某事    Page 78   2b

make表示"使处于某种状态,使成为",后接名词、形容词、不定式(不带to)、过去分词、介词短语等作宾语补足语。

►The news made me disappointed. 这个消息使我失望。

make sth. for sb. = make sb. sth. 意为"为某人制作某物"。

►She made a dress for me. = She made me a dress. 她给我做了一件连衣裙。

【拓展】类似make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. 双宾语交换位置后,介词用for的常见动词有:buy, cook, do, get等。

【典例】How time flies! We should show love for our parents and make them _________ how much they mean to us.

  1. to know B. knowing                C. knew                   D. know

【答案】D

Point 3 although  conj. 虽然    Page 78   2b

although相当于though,引导让步状语从句。在英语中,although/though和but不能用在同一个句子中,即二者只能取其一。

►Although he was tired, he didn’t stop to have a rest. = He was tired, but he didn’t stop  to have a rest. 尽管他累了,但他没有停下来去休息。

【助记】巧记although与but

although与but是"死对头",二者不能见面。
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【典例】_________ he was very tired, he continued working in his office.

  1. Because B. Since                          C. Although

【答案】C

【解析】because因为;since自从;although尽管。由语境可知,尽管他非常累了,他还是继续在办公室里工作。

Point 4 be used to (doing) sth. 习惯于(做)某事    Page 78   2b

【辨析】get/be used to (doing) sth., used to do sth. 与be used to do sth.

get/be used to (doing) sth. 习惯于(做)某事 to为介词,其后可接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式。可用于现在、过去、将来等多种时态。
used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 to为动词不定式的符号。只用于过去时态。
be used to do sth. 被用来做某事 是被动语态,动词不定式表示目的。用于多种时态。
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►He gets/is used to going to bed late. 他习惯于晚睡。

►He used to read a book before he went to bed. 他过去常常睡觉前看书。

►Wood is used to build houses. 木头被用来建造房子。

【助记】I used to go to bed late, but now I am used to going to bed early. 我过去常常睡觉很晚,但是现在我习惯早睡。

【典例】I used to _________ newspapers and watch TV after dinner. But now I’m used to _________ a walk.

  1. read; take B. read; taking                 C. reading; taking                   D. reading; take

【答案】B

【解析】used to do sth. 意为"过去经常做某事"。句意:我过去晚饭后常常读报纸和看电视,但是现在我习惯散步。

Point 5 except prep. 除……之外  conj. 除了;只是    Page 78   2b

【辨析】except, besides与except for

except 除……之外(不包括) All the students are studying at school except Tom, who is ill at home. 除了汤姆所有学生都在学校学习,他生病在家。
besides 除……之外(还)(包括) I have another blue pen besides this one. 除了这支以外,我还有另外一支蓝色钢笔。(共2支钢笔)
except for 除……之外,一般其前后的词语表示的不是同类事物。可置于句首。 Your composition is good except for a few grammar mistakes. 除了几处语法错误外,你的作文很好。
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【典例】—Alice, would you like to go hiking with us?

—What a pity! I am free every day _________ today.

  1. for B. except                  C. besides                 D. among

【答案】B

Point 6 suggestion n. 建议    Page 80   3b

【辨析】suggestion与advice

suggestion 可数名词,意为"建议;提议" 指为了改进或解决某一问题而提出的建议、办法等,不一定正确,只是用来参考。 I’m thankful to the teacher for her suggestions on my interview. 我感谢老师给我面试方面的建议。
advice 不可数名词,意为"忠告;建议" 指具有较强的实用性和可操作性的建议、劝告。 Grandpa Li is staying in bed on the doctor’s advice. 李爷爷遵从医嘱卧床休息。
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【拓展】suggestion的动词形式为suggest,意为"期待;期望;期盼",其中to是介词,其后接名词、代词或者动名词形式作宾语,不能接动词原形。

【典例】—What a good _________ you’ve given me! Thanks a lot.

—My pleasure.

  1. information B. news                  C. suggestion                 D. advice

【答案】C

Point 7 empty/’empti/ adj.空的

►The bottle is empty.这个瓶子是空的。

empty为形容词时,意思为"空的",反义词为full,可作表语、定语等成分。

►There is an empty bottle under the table.桌子下面有一个空瓶子。

empty为动词时,意为"倒空,排空",反义词为fill。

►He emptied the water out of the cup. 他把水从杯子里倒出来了。

【典例】Please ________(倒空) the box and put all the toys into it.

【答案】empty

Point 8 It’s impolite to... ……是不礼貌的。

impolite是形容词,意为"不礼貌的",其副词为impolitely,其反义词为polite。

►Talking aloud in public is impolite. 在公共场合大声说话是不礼貌的。

It is+adj.+for sb.+to do sth.意为"做某事对某人来说……"。

►It is very easy for me to play the piano. 对我来说,弹钢琴很容易。

【典例】________ is really hard ________ them to climb such a high mountain.

  1. This; to B. It; to C. This; for                  D. It; for

【答案】D

【解析】考查固定句型。"It is+adj.+for sb.+to do sth."句型中,It是形式主语,真正的主语是"to do sth."。

Point 9 find it adj.to do sth. 发现做某事是……

it为形式宾语,形容词为宾语补足语,真正的宾语为动词不定式。

►I find it relaxing to swim in the pool. 我发现在游泳池里游泳令人放松。

【典例】At times, parents find it difficult ________ with their teenage children.

  1. talk B. talked C. talking                          D. to talk

【答案】D

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