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Unit 11 Sad movies make me cry. -Grammar

一、make用作及物动词,在主动语态中的含义主要有: 做;制作;制造 ☞ Can you make any m...

一、make用作及物动词,在主动语态中的含义主要有:

  1. 做;制作;制造

☞ Can you make any mooncakes? 你会做些月饼吗?

◆ make后可跟双宾语,间接宾语后移时一般用for引导。

☞ My uncle will make me a kite. 叔叔将为我做一只风筝。

= My uncle will make a kite for me.

  1. 使;使之

☞ Have I made myself clear? 我讲清楚了没有?

  1. 迫使;令

☞ I don’t like milk, but she made me drink it. 我不喜欢牛奶,可是她强迫我喝。

  1. 总计;等于

☞ Two and two makes four. 二加二等于四。

  1. 准备;布置;整理

☞ You must make the bed after you get up. 你起床后必须整理好你的床铺。

  1. 构成;组成;成为

☞ Daniel scored another goal, but one player does not make a team. 丹尼尔又踢进了一球,但是独木不成林。

二、make用作及物动词,意为"使;让",在主动语态中其后要跟省略to的不定式作宾语补足语,而在被动语态中,to不能省去。

☞ She was made to wait for over an hour. 她被迫等了一个多钟头。

◆ 英语中,类似于make这种用法的动词还有let,have,hear,see,watch,notice,feel等。

☞ I saw him put the key into the keyhole, turn it and open the door. 我看见他把钥匙插进锁孔,转动钥匙,然后打开了门。

☞ She was seen to go into the classroom. 有人看见她进了教室。

三、make用作及物动词,后接复合宾语,表示"使……成为……;使成为……"时,通常由形容词、名词、介词短语充当宾语补足语。

☞ Loud music makes me uncomfortable. 吵闹的音乐使我不舒服。

四、动词make的使役用法,make sb后分别接了形容词和不定式短语。make的这种用法常见于以下结构:

①make+名词/代词+省略to的动词不定式

☞ My parents often make me do some other homework. 我父母常让我做些其他的作业。

特别提示:这一结构中的不定式短语在主动结构中是宾语补足语,必须省去to,变为被动结构时,不定式短语作主语补足语,这时必须带to。

☞ She was made to work for the night shift. 她不得不上夜班。

②make+名词/代词+-ed分词短语

☞ What made them so frightened? 什么使他们这样害怕?

③make+名词/代词+介词短语或名词短语

☞ She made him her assistant. 她委派他做自己的助手。

④make+名词/代词+ 形容词或形容词短语

☞ The good news made us happy. 这条好消息使我们很高兴。

⑤make +形式宾语it +形容词或名词(作宾语补足语)+从句(作真正的宾语)

☞ They want to make it clear to the public that they do an important and necessary job. 他们要向公众表明,他们所做的工作不但重要,而且是必不可少的。

⑥ make词组秀

make a mistake 犯错误                        make a noise 吵闹;弄出噪声

make a promise 答应;许下诺言                 make a shopping list 写一个购物单

make a telephone call 打电话                   make friends with 与……交朋友

make a contribution to 贡献给;捐献             make a decision 作出决定

make a face 做鬼脸                           make a living 谋生;维持生活

make fun of 取笑;嘲笑                       make it 约定时间;做到;按时到达

make money 赚钱                            make one’s bed 铺床;收拾床铺

make one’s way to 往……走                    make out 证明;认出;填写

make room for 为……让地方                   make sure 确信;务必;弄清楚

make up one’s mind 下定决心                   make up 弥补;构成;编造

make ... into 把……变成

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